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Rajasthan must get the status of a special state

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14 Apr, 21 07:15
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- Neeti Gopendra Bhatt

Rajasthan must get the status of a special state

Recently, Rajasthan celebrated its 73rd Foundation Day on March 30, 2021. After independence, Rajasthan was formed by integrating 22 erstwhile princely states of small and big princes in various seven phases. On this occasion two grand functions were organized, and in of the function then Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was himself present. While at the time of format ion of Greater Rajasthan Union, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, then Union Home Minister came to Jaipur and the rituals of formal formation of Rajasthan were observed. Since then 30th March is celebrated as the Rajasthan Foundation Day. However, the process of formation of Rajasthan continued and concludes on November 01, 1956 with merger of Ajmer Merwara in Rajas than. Currently, area wise Rajasthan is the biggest state of India. Earlier, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh were the biggest states in terms of area and population, but later on these states were split in making of n ew Ut ta r a k h a n d a n d Chhattisgarh states. India is the biggest democratic country of the wor ld. Government machinery of the country works on a federal structure. Post independence an assumption got stronger that the bigger states were a big hurdle in the overall development. So only later on new states were formed splitting the bigger states, and the process continues even today. An imminent danger is looming on the existence of Rajasthan in view of many problems like ground and underground water, lack of employment opportunities, mass immigration, etc. prevailing in the tribal area of southern Rajasthan. In recent past unpalatable incidences on Delhi Mumbai route on NH Highway 8 via Rajasthan and Gujarat are really concerning. Recently Ganesh Goghra, MLA from Dungarpur said that tribals are not Hindus, and demanded to experiment a separate tribal code and was supported by some tribal MLAs and organizations. It is said that it is not novel a dream of a new Bhil state merging border tribal areas of Rajasthan, Madhya Pr a d e s h , Gu j a r a t a n d Maharashtra. One of the leading Bhil leaders late Bheekha Bhai Bhil dreamt of this long back. Later on tribal leaders of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh also joined and supported this campaign, but didn’t succeed owing to the strong political leadership between state and the center. However, with emergence of a new political party in Rajasthan and Gujarat this possibility is again growing. Some tribal students too got published their research papers and books speculating a new Bhil state. At the same time, a few segments of people do not support the idea to divide this biggest terrain of the country under adverse geographical conditions be divided leading more probabilities of development for the smaller regions. Many years ago, then leader of opposition Maharawal Lakshman Singh of Dungarpur also demanded to divide the state in two parts as Eastern and Western (Maru Pradesh- Arid Zone) Rajasthan taking oldest Arawali Hills range of the world as base that divides the state in two natural parts. But, he withdrew his demand when he was reminded of his contribution in formation of Rajasthan and unification of former princely states in the capacity of being president of the board of erstwhile princes. Both the leading parties congress and BJP are also not in favour of making two states by dividing Rajasthan. Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot has denied this possibility on many occasions, at the same former chief minister Vasundhara Raje also never supported this demand, but both the parties have been supporting to grant a special category of state to Rajasthan and grant permission to Rajasthan Canal Project worth nearly 40,000 crore rupees to render a permanent solution of drinking water and irrigation in 13 districts of the state.

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