Friends, just few days back it was 10 June, which we have been celebrating as World Ground Water Day. It was started in India by Uttar Pradesh Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav. He started this day on 10 June in Jhansi. It was done in 2005. He is also called the "Son of the earth ."It is said that India has the highest consumption of water in the world and Uttar Pradesh state has the highest consumption in India. After that, his son, Akhilesh Yadav, announced to celebrate this day for a week.
After all, what is World Ground Water Day? Let's see. The water between the rocks below the surface of the earth is called underground water. This is the only natural resource of fresh sweet water. Man uses it by extracting water using tube wells.
The taste and color of underground water vary from country to country due to differences in place, circumstances, and climate. If a man makes good use of it, it is available in sufficient quantity. But if it is misused, its deficiency is inevitable.
Negligence, unplanned industrialization, increased pollution, depleting deserts and glaciers, declining water levels of rivers, and destruction of the environment are the main reasons. Due to the irregularity of the monsoon in India, there is heavy rain at times or no rain at all. According to the Geologists, a study has concluded that the water present in the ground goes down one meter every year. And all this is the result of playing indiscriminately with nature.
Various positive steps are being taken to deal with this formidable problem, such as:-
1. Drought Early Warning System (DWS) has been created; according to the study's findings, positive changes are being brought in this system.
2. Madhya Pradesh, a state in India, will bring the Right to Water Act.
3. It is an ambitious plan of the new ministry named Jalshakti that by the year 2024, piped water should be made available to all the houses in the country.
4. On 28 July 2010, the United Nations recognized clean water and sanitation as a human right and considered it as essential as the attainment of other human rights. Access to water for citizens, legislative intervention is needed says, Water man Rajendra Singh.
5. In 2017, the civil society group Jan Jal Jodo Abhiyan (JJN) released a draft of the Water security bill at a press conference. JJN is a nationwide campaign to motivate society, through a water literacy campaign, through community participation. Water security to conserve ponds, rivers, lakes, etc. It was initiated in 2013, and the first draft of the proposal for the Civil Society's Water Security Bill was published in 2014. The aquifer (porous rock through which groundwater circulates) can be recharged and stored. Striking a balance between discharges is a critical feature of the Act on which the proposed Water Security Bill is based. It states that all local authorities should publish maps of water bodies in their jurisdiction within four months of the Act's passage and keep their records safe. The Bill seeks to provide guidelines for groundwater extraction and recharge, as well as prohibit the misuse of water sources and water bodies. The draft bill makes all endangering activities for water bodies a cognizable offense. Such activities should be banned. The maximum punishment has been provided under the Indian Penal Code. It states that the failure of local authorities to discharge their responsibilities will also be considered a crime. The solution to this nationwide crisis is possible only when it is collectively taken seriously. Efforts should be made. This is the only solution to this impending crisis. Therefore, the need was felt to create awareness among the people about the importance and conservation of groundwater by celebrating Ground Water Day on 10 June.